Unconsciousness is when a person suddenly becomes unable to respond to stimuli and appears to be asleep. A person may be unconscious for a few seconds — as in fainting — or for longer periods of time.
People who become unconscious don’t respond to loud sounds or shaking. They may even stop breathing or their pulse may become faint. This calls for immediate emergency attention. The sooner the person receives emergency first aid, the better their outlook will be
When a casualty is unresponsive, but is breathing and has no other life-threatening conditions, they should be placed in the recovery position.
This ensures that their airway does not become compromised. When unconscious, the tongue, which is a muscle, becomes relaxed, meaning it could fall to the back of the throat and block the airway. The recovery position also ensures that any vomit or fluid will run away from the mouth.
Note – It’s vital that you continue to check the airway and breathing with an unconscious casualty. The situation could worsen at any point. This should be carried out at least every 3 mins