Online First Aid Course
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Types of wounds

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types of wounds

CONTUSION: A blunt blow can rupture capillaries beneath the skin, causing blood to leak into the tissue. This process results in bruising.

CONTUSIONTreatment – Cool the area down using an ice pack or a bag of frozen peas for example. Place the ice inside a tea-towel or piece of clothing so as to not cause skin damage. . 

ABRASION: A wound caused by friction, scraping a part of your body across a rough surface.

ABRASIONTreatment – Clean the area carefully with a saline solution or water, without causing further damage to the skin. Cover it with a sterile dressing to keep it from infection. 

 

INCISION: A cut that has a clean edge, an incision isn’t caused by scraping. This is a wound resulting from an incident with a sharp edged object like a knife, a razor, or a piece of glass

INCISIONTreatment – Sit or lay the casualty down, apply direct pressure to the wound for 10 mins and cover with a suitable sterile dressing. Consider referring to casualty to stitch the wound

 

LACERATION: This is similar to an incision but it isn’t as clean. The wound has jagged edges causing an irregular break in the skin.

Laceration-woundsTreatment – Sit or lay the casualty down, apply direct pressure to the wound for 10 mins and cover with a suitable sterile dressing. Consider referring to casualty to stitch the wound

 

PUNCTURE: A wound caused by an object or something passing through the skin or impaling. The gravity of this injury stretches from minor to life threatening

Puncture-woundsTreatment – Call 999 for emergency medical assistance. Keep the injury as still as possible and control the bleeding with minimal movement of the affected area. This can be done by applying pressure to either side of the puncture wound. Try to reassure the casualty and keep them as calm as possible until help arrives. NEVER TRY TO REMOVE THE OBJECT – THIS COULD RESULT IN FURTHER INTERNAL DAMAGE OR BLEEDING

 

GUN-SHOT: This type of wound is caused by a bullet or missile being driven into or through the body, causing serious internal injury. Some bullets are designed to ricochet through the body and therefore the exit wound isn’t always directly opposite the entry wound . Exit wounds can also be larger than the entry wound.

GUN-SHOT woundTreatment – Call 999 for emergency medical assistance. Try to control the bleeding by applying pressure. Remember there is likely to be an entry and exit wound. 

 

AMPUTATION: The loss of a distinct body part such as a limb, finger, toe or ear. Often very severe with heavy bleeding. In the cases of limb loss this is a medical emergency.

 

Treatment – Call 999 for emergency medical assistance. Lay the casualty down and apply pressure to the affected area. If possible, try to gather the missing body part and placing in a plastic bag or cling film. Place this in a bag of ice or the freezer until help arrives. Do not let direct skin become in contact with the ice. 

 

DEGLOVED: Loss of skin involving variable amounts of deep tissue loss through trauma. The skin has been torn from the bone.

DEGLOVED woundTreatment – Call 999 for emergency medical assistance, unless someone can safely and quickly get the casualty to am A&E. Sit or lay the casualty down. If possible and if it doesn’t involve causing severe discomfort to the casualty, try to place the torn skin back on the body. Apply a sterile dressing and apply pressure to the area until help arrives.

 

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